Yubikey NEO

YubiKey NEO

YubiKey is an authentication device capable of generating One Time Passwords (OTPs). The YubiKey connects to a USB port and identifies itself as a standard USB HID keyboard, which allows it to be used in most computer environments using the system’s native drivers.

Its available for around € 45.00 from Yubico’s website

We will use the device with the following services:

Other possible uses:

  • Password Management (KeePassX using static password)

  • S/Mime mail signing and encryption (as SmartCard)

  • SSL/TLS browser client login on web servers (as SmartCard)

  • SSL/TLS Certificate Management (as SmartCard with XCA, OpenSSL)

  • ownCloud user login (TOTP TwoFactor App for OwnCloud 9.1)

  • WordPress user login (with U2F)

  • Prosody XMPP server login (via PAM Challenge-Response)

  • Bitcoin Wallet (?)

  • Various WebServices (TOTP with Yubico Authenticator or U2F)

    • Google Services

    • Cloud Servers (Digital Ocean, AmazonWS)

    • CDN (Cloudflare)

    • Code Repository (GitHub)

    • NAS Devices (Synology DiskStation)

    • Domain Registration (GandiNet)

    • Mail Providers (mailbox.org)


  • Havegd

  • Gnupg 2.0 or later


Yubico provides a software package repository on Launchpad:

$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:yubico/stable
$ sudo apt-get update

The following Linux Software packages are provided:

  • YubiKey NEO Manager (to set which operation-modes are active on connection);

  • YubiKey Personalization Tool (used to program the two configuration slots in your YubiKey);

  • YubiKey PIV Manager (to configure private keys and certificates on the PIV smart-card in your YubiKey)

  • Yubico Authenticator for Linux (manages your TOTP and HOTP one time passwords);

  • Yubico PAM module (to use your Yubikey for Login on your Linux Desktop or Server)

USB Device Rules

udev rules control how Linux handles certain devices. i.e. when they are plugged in or out, programs to start or access restrictions to be set.

Yubico provides a set of such rules, not only for its own Yubikeys, but also a range of other USB security devices from various vendors.

To install these device rules on your system:

$ sudo wget -O /etc/udev/rules.d/70-u2f.rules \

YubiKey Software

We don’t need YubiKey NEO Manager, since November 2015 YubiKeys are shipped with all modes of operations already already enabled by default.

$ sudo apt-get install yubikey-personalization-gui
$ sudo apt install yubikey-manager-qt